Setting up Business in India – What Foreign Companies Must Know

Foreign companies may set up business in India in any one of the following manners while retaining its status for a foreign company:

Liaison Offices – A foreign company can open a liaison office in India to look after its Indian operations, to promote its business interests, to spread awareness of the company’s products as well as to explore further avenues. Liaison offices are not allowed to preserve any business or earn any income in India and expenses are to borne by remittances from abroad.

Project Offices – The project office is the ideal method for companies to establish a home-based business presence in India, if the object is to have a presence for a Limited Liability Partnerhsip Registration in India Online period of a period of time. It is essentially a branch office arranged with the limited purpose for executing a specific project. Foreign companies engaged in turnkey construction or installation normally put in a project office for their operations in India.

Branch Offices – Foreign companies involved in manufacturing and trading activities outside India may open branch offices for write-up of:

oRepresenting the parent company or other foreign companies in various matters in India, like acting as buying and selling agents.

oConducting research, the spot that the parent company is engaged, provided outcomes of this research are made in order to Indian companies

oUndertaking export and import trading activities.

oPromoting technical and financial collaborations between Indian and foreign companies.

Trading companies – Foreign companies may invest in trading companies engaged primarily in exports. Such trading companies are treated at par with domestic trading companies in accordance with the trade policy.

The RBI accords automatic approval for foreign equity up to 51 per cent for setting up trading companies engaged primarily in exports. All other proposals, which do not meet the criteria for automatic approval, can be addressed to the Foreign Investment Promotion Board, i.e. “FIPB”.

Wholly owned subsidiaries – Foreign companies may set up a wholly owned subsidiary, which a good Indian Company a good independent legal status, distinct from the parent foreign company.

Under the current foreign investment policy, a wholly owned subsidiary can be established either your automatic route, when the conditions specified therein are complied with (specific high priority industries) or get the approval from the FIPB.

Joint venture companies – Foreign companies may set up a joint venture company i.e. fiscal collaboration with an Indian business house/company in India, which can an Indian Company with an independent legal status, distinct from the parent foreign company.

Under the current foreign investment policy, a joint venture can be established either under the automated route, if the circumstances specified therein are complied with or obtain an approval from the FIPB.

Foreign companies intending to build any regarding office mentioned previously activities portion of the parent company or foreign trading companies in India for promotion of exports from India should obtain an earlier approval for this Reserve Bank by submitting an application in the prescribed form to the Central Office of Reserve Bank. On approval of such cases, permission is granted initially a period of 3 years, cause to undergo the condition that expenses of such office can met exclusively out of inward remittances; such offices are not permitted to create any income in India.